Periodontology is one of the most dynamically developing branches in contemporary dentistry. It deals with periodontium disease prevention, diagnostics and treatment. Periodontium disorders are wide-spread and affect people of all ages. Periodontal diseases refer to disorders of the soft tissues that surround and support teeth.
In cases of early identification, periodontal disorders can be treated with basic preventive procedures combined with a proper dental hygiene. Unfortunately, a huge percentage of cases are diagnosed too late to be fully treated; the instances of severe inflammation only allow for prevention of further development, even for a couple of years.
Bleeding of gums triggered by eating or brushing the teeth is a common symptom of periodontitis. Periodontal inflammation results from unattended accumulation of plaque, which overtime transforms into calculus. Calculus irritates the gingiva, leading to the emergence of pathological gum pockets, bone loss, tooth loosening and loss. Systemic diseases (e.g. diabetes), immune system disorders, smoking, distress and malocclusion all have detrimental effects on periodontium.
Periodontal inflammation therapy – Most importantly, the treatment involves the elimination of dental calculus with the use of ultrasonic tools, and the subsequent varnishing of the exposed roots with chlorhexidine preservatives. This protects teeth from the accumulation of bacterial plaque and calculus responsible for causing the inflammation. The procedure also reduces dentine hypersensitivity in these areas.
Crown lengthening – A procedure designed to change the shape of the gums to further expose the crown, its fractures or decay extending below the gingival margin. As a result, after the healing process is completed, prosthetic procedures may be performed or the shape of the crown may be altered to suit the shape of the adjacent teeth.
Recreation of periodontal tissues – Regenerative therapy of periodontal tissues, applied in surgical practice thanks to the implementation of the right substances and operative techniques. These procedures are also referred to as guided tissue and bone regeneration. They include gingival grafting and transplantation, heterogenous and autogenous bone grafting, gingival flap surgeries with the use of barrier membranes and free gingival autografts in root coverage.